What is a cookie?
A cookieis an inoffensive text file stored on your web server when you visit almost any web page. The use of the cookies is for the web to be able to record your visit when you return to navigate on that page. Although many people do not know it, cookieshave been used for over 20 years when the first navigators for the World Wide Web first appeared.
What is a cookie NOT?
It is not a virus, nor a troll, nor a worm, nor spam, nor spyware, nor does it open pop-up windows.
What information does a cookiestore
Cookiesdo not usually store sensitive information about you, such as credit cards or bank details, photographs, your Passport number or personal information, etc. The details they save are technical, personal preferences, personalization of content etc.
The web server does not associate with you as a person but with your web server. Indeed, if you usually navigate using Internet Explorer and try navigating on the same web using either Firefox or Chrome you will notice that the web does not realise you are the same person because it is associating with the web server and not the person.
What type of cookies?
- Technicalcookies: These are the simplest and allow, among other things, to know when a human or automated app is navigating, when it is an anonymous user or a registered one, basic tasks for the use of any dynamic web.
- Cookiesfor analysis: They gather information on the type of navigation in operation, the sections being most used, products consulted, time band of use, language, etc.
- Advertising Cookies: They show adverts depending on navigation, country of origin, language, etc.
What are own cookiesand third party ones?
Owncookiesare those generated by the page that you are visiting and third party ones are those generated by external services or suppliers such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
What happens if I de-activate the cookies?
To undestand the extent de-activating cookies can have, we show some examples:
- You will not be able to share the content from that web on Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
- The web site will not be able to adapt the content to your personal preferences, which is what normally happens in online shops.
- You will not be able to access the personal area of that web, such as My accountor My profiles or My orders.
- Online shops: You will not be able to shop online; you will have to use a telephone or physically visit the shop if there is one available.
- It will not be possible to personalise your geographical preferences such as time band, currency or language.
- The web site will not be able to make any analyisis on visitors and traffic volumen on the web, which makes it difficult for the web to be competitive.
- You will not be able to write on the blog, nor upload photos, publish comments, evaluate or grade the content. Neither will the web know if you are human or an automated app that publishes spam.
- Publicity according to sector cannot be shown which will reduce the advertising income of the web.
Can cookies be eliminated?
Yes. Not only eliminated but also blocked, either in general or specifically for a particular domain.
To eliminate cookiesfrom a web site you must go to web server configuration where you will be able to search for associates to the domain in question and thus proceed with the removal.
Configuration of cookiesfor the most popular web servers.
We now show you how to access a specific cookieon Chrome. Note: these steps can vary depending on the version of the web server:
- Go to Configuration or Preferences via the File menu or by clicking on the personalization icon that appears top right.
- You will see different sections, press the option Show advanced options.
- Go to Privacy, Configuration of content.
- Choose All cookies and the data of sites
- A list will appear with all the cookies in order of domain. To find the cookiesof a certain domain easily, introduce part of or the full address on Search for cookies.
- Following this filter several lines with the cookiesfrom the desired web will appear on screen. Now all you have to do is select it and press Xto proceed with removal.
To access the cookiesconfiguration on the Internet Explorerweb server, follow these steps (these can vary depending on the version of the web server):
- Go to Tools, Internet Options
- Click on Privacy.
- Slide the bar to the level of privacy you wish to obtain.
To access the cookiesconfiguration for the Firefox web server, follow these steps (they can vary depending on the version of the web server):
- Go to Options or Preferences depending on the operations system.
- Click on Privacy
- Under Historychoose Use a personalized configuration for the history.
- Now you will see the option Accept cookies, which you can activate or de-activate depending on your preference.
To access the cookiesconfiguration for the Safari OSX web server, follow these steps (they can vary depending on the version of the web server):
- Go toPreferences, then Privacy.
- Here you will see the Block cookies option to choose the type of block you want to opt for.
To access the cookiesconfiguration for the Safari iOSweb server, follow these steps (they can vary depending on the version of the web server):
- Go to Settings, then Safari.
- Go to Privacy & Security, where you will see the option Block cookies option to choose the type of block you want to opt for.
To access the cookiesconfiguration for Androidweb server devices follow these steps (they can vary depending on the version of the web server):
- Set up the navigator and click on Menu, then Settings.
- Go to Security & Privacy, you will see the option Accept cookiesso you can either actívate or de-activate the box.
To access the cookies configuration for Windows Phoneweb server devices follow these steps, (they can vary depending on the version of the web server):
- Open Internet Explorer, then More, then Configuration
- Now you can activate or de-activate the box Allow cookies.